That there are persons in one section or another who seek to destroy the Union at all events and are glad of any pretext to do it I will neither affirm nor deny; but if there be such, I need address no word to them. Why should there not be a patient confidence in the ultimate justice of the people? In reading other commentaries concerning this address it seems to me that everyone concurs that this address is one of the finest speeches ever written by a president. Now, if they would make the effort in good temper, could they not with nearly equal unanimity frame and pass a law by means of which to keep good that unanimous oath? Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invokes His aid against the other. Between this time and on March 4, seven Deep South cotton states—, , , , , and —would from the Union. My father … removed from Kentucky to … Indiana, in my eighth year…. Southern defiance regarding Fort Sumter is expressed in the song's last verse: Then Anderson surrendered, And marched his men away: And sailed with them to New York, Where they had better stay. My countrymen, one and all, think calmly and well upon this whole subject.
Prepare headings for a timeline with the years from 1860 to 1865 and an additional category: Before 1860. Indeed, after Fort Sumter was attacked and Lincoln declared a formal , four more states—, , and —seceded from the Union and joined the Confederacy. Literary and political analysts likewise have praised the speech's eloquent prose and quality. Students should begin by describing the document. Students assigned to collect documents about a President will post the materials to a timeline.
They can not but remain face to face, and intercourse, either amicable or hostile, must continue between them. Lincoln's soon-to-be Secretary of State, , later made suggestions that softened the original tone somewhat, and contributed to the speech's famous closing. They have conducted it through many perils, and generally with great success. All dreaded it, all sought to avert it. The man looked like a man, and acted a man and a President.
All profess to be content in the Union if all constitutional rights can be maintained. Plainly the central idea of secession is the essence of anarchy. But he will never come back alive. Lincoln suggests that the two sides are very similar because they both believe in the same higher power. There the outgoing vice president, John Breckinridge, spoke briefly and his successor, Hannibal Hamlin, took the oath of office. Discuss which, if any, of the executive duties put forth in the Constitution are left open to interpretation, and what role such ambiguities and resulting differences in point of view have played in historical events.
This effectively made him the first President to have any beyond sideburns. If the slave is to be surrendered, it can be of but little consequence to him or to others by which authority it is done. The Almighty has His own purposes. Highlights from 1861 inaugural address By Monday, March 4, 1861, seven states had left the Union and Lincoln addressed his remarks to the South. However, insurgent agents hoped to divide the Union. Some counseled that he abandon Sumter and Pickens along with the other property now under Confederate control. No refractory State or combination of traitors must be permitted to peril it in the pursuit of insane vengeance or impracticable theories.
The President is removed from office if impeached for, and convicted of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. Perpetuity is implied, if not expressed, in the fundamental law of all national governments. . He believed that our nation was falling apart and war needed to be no more and so he gave his speech. He declares himself an equal with the public and says he has also felt the wars effects.
McClellan, the former commander of all Union armies whose hesitancy to attack the rebels had so frustrated Lincoln in the first years of the war. The president, however, took a much different tack. Students should now be able to match actions President Lincoln took with specific responsibilities of his office. Check out our other writing samples, like our resources on , ,. Such of you as are now dissatisfied still have the old Constitution unimpaired, and, on the sensitive point, the laws of your own framing under it; while the new Administration will have no immediate power, if it would, to change either.
Has the job of president changed at all in response to people's abstract expectations of the position? In doing this there needs to be no bloodshed or violence, and there shall be none unless it be forced upon the national authority. All the vital rights of minorities and of individuals are so plainly assured to them by affirmations and negations, guaranties and prohibitions, in the that controversies never arise concerning them. Every point in the address is susceptible of a double construction; but I think he does not mean coercion. Shotgun's Home of the American Civil War. We are not enemies, but friends.
The government will not assail you. Where there is insufficient access to technology, you may wish to download relevant materials for students' use. If enmity continued after hostilities ceased, the war would have been in vain. A digitized version of the original and a transcript are accessible through by searching for the song's title. Baker, a longtime friend of the Lincolns, introduced the president-elect to a crowd of about 25,000 people. The Union is much older than the Constitution. Modern writers and historians generally consider the speech to be a masterpiece and one of the finest presidential inaugural addresses, with the final lines having earned particularly lasting renown in American culture.