The children of rich Athenians went to the Assembly, the market place and the gymnasium to watch, listen to and learn from the older men. Pederasty took a strong hold in Sparta, where it was well suited to their warrior-based society, then spread from there to Athens. If you got them wrong, he would beat you with his stick. In the afternoons they went to wrestling schools. Poor boys worked in the , planting and weeding, or they worked as apprentices in shops, learning how to cut hair or.
They also started school at the age or six or seven. As this type of training expanded into the area of music the training seems to have been more by example. Although music had a prominent place in ancient Greek education, graphic arts such as drawing were not usually part of lesson plans. There were separate festivals for men only, and separate festivals for women only. Those who wanted training for public life studied with philosophers like Isocrates who taught primarily oratory and rhetoric. Question: In reference to one of the questions below Greek men are sexist! But Sparta did not want illiterate, unmusical, boorish warriors, and therefore the state training included instruction in reading, writing, literature, and music in addition to the more obviously military pursuits. It provided a consistent method to ensure the education and development of young men in ancient times.
Boys learned grammar, rhetoric, dialectic — these were meant to help students communicate effectively, and included a study of literature and language — arithmetic, music, geometry and astronomy. Athens, on the other hand, wanted to control more and more of the land around them. Some women became important in the area of entertainment. In this period, special stress was laid on enhancing their physical beauty, so that their marriages would be successfully consummated. There they were taught by the older women dances, prayers, and rituals. Going into battle, a Spartan soldier, or hoplite, wore a large bronze helmet, breastplate and ankle guards, and carried a round shield made of bronze and wood, a long spear and sword. The men valued reading and writing highly.
A fairly good point can be made that the chorus girls would have to be able to read or they would have spent a lot of time memorizing the songs that they sang. There are numerous women including Sappho and Aspasia who exhibited talents that can only be gotten through education. Compared to the simple lifestyle of the Spartan people, Athenians had a very modern and open outlook. They were very loyal to their own state. The earliest Greek forms of education were probably rather informal, involving home schooling and tutors, but Greek states gradually developed schools and a classroom setting for students. Pederasty was a social custom in which an adult male would court a young Greek boy to become his model, guide, and initiator, and would become responsible for the evolution of his chosen young counterpart.
Known as the Agoge, the system emphasized duty, discipline and endurance. The most highly educated women were the hetaerae, or courtesans, who attended special schools where they learned to be interesting companions for the men who could afford to maintain them. But Greek women were fortunate that there were so many educated people because they could educate themselves if they wished. But some enslaved boys did learn to read and write at home, because their owners wanted them to grow up to help run the business, or write letters for them, or keep their family accounts. The schools of ancient Greece were so effective and well known that they have been widely copied. Hetaera with a lyre Boys were educated in schools; girls were more often educated at home.
They could own no property apart from the family. In medieval times, the city of Sparta was destroyed by many invasions. Even though Spartan women never had to join the military or the navy, they grew up to be very strong and very good with combat skills. For more about Ancient Greece: Overview Arts and Culture Daily Life People Greek Mythology The Olympian Gods Back to. The Spartans believed that strong women produced strong Spartan babies that would become strong soldiers of the city-state. It is known that in the classical period of ancient Greece 480 B.
They believed that learning was one of the best ways you could spend your time. Legend has it that a young Sparta boy once stole a live fox, planning to kill it and eat it. Hope someone found this helpful! In fact, boys were already separated from their mothers at age 7 and would set off to the military. They learned rhetoric by memorizing famous speeches from the past. On the other hand, when we take Athens their goal was to produce citizens who were well trained in both the art of war and peace.
They boys marched without shoes to make them strong. . Question: What was required of Spartan girls during their education process? They carried books with pages made of wood. This would continue until he eventually won the young man over and claimed him as his beloved. At school, they were taught survival skills and other skills necessary to be a great soldier. The ancient Greeks would consider as appropriate and according to this, the city-states varied as well.
Decisions like whether to send troops to Sicily or whether to execute rebellious subjects were made by the votes of all the adult male citizens meeting in an assembly. Due to soil and less vegetation, water was a very scanty commodity in Sparta. The ancient Greeks believed that each city-state had one or two gods keeping a special eye on that city-state. This further demonstrates that although we tend to condemn historical practices such as pederasty, we have to look past our condemnation and seek to understand the cultural significance of these acts. They also provided considerable material for discussion and entertainment at the popular symposiums. Indoctrination into this lifestyle began early.
They wouldn't want to be Spartans, but in times of war, they most certainly wanted Sparta to be on their side. Advertisement Throughout their education, Greeks studied music and dance. Athens economy was dependent more upon trade. Its fame, however, comes not only from the fact that it seems intuitively true but also from the fact that no known education system seems to follow it. In any case, the Spartans believed that strong young women would produce strong babies. Sparta was almost entirely focused on war and how to fight, while Athens focused on the arts and learning. Also, girls were not allowed to be educated and they could learn to read in their courtyard.