Up to the middle of the 19th century, the means of transport in India were backward. During the British rule acceptance of western cultural element was not appreciated by Indians. That is why, he found, the bulldozer driver of Rampura village was a black magician. The Indian scholars do not accept this theory only because of the economic policy of British, their encouragement to the feeling of communalism and regionalism among the people. Due to the English education, intellectual awakening took place among the middle class people. The young men, brought up at our seminaries, turn with contempt from the barbarous despotism under which their ancestors groaned, to the prospect of improving their national institutions on the English model. They were never serious in spreading critical or scientific thinking because that would have resulted in accelerating the freedom struggle.
They introduced steamships on the rivers and set about improving roads. The same was also extended to the sphere of art and architecture. This road is known as the Grand Trunk Road. We know that all peoples came there to draw the elements of their knowledge. Whereas Britain's share in world exports before was only 9% as against India's share of 19% today our share is only 0. Dutta and many others do not accept the views of the British Scholars. Other examples of discrimination towards British Indians in the mainstream population include the case of 27-year-old Chetankumar Meshram, a call centre trainer from who was compensated 5,000 after his boss told him he was to be replaced by a better English speaker.
Cultural Throughout the 19th century, India's majority Hindu population lived within a caste system that dictated a person's permanent place in the social hierarchy. They followed the policy of economic exploitation towards India. In per capita terms, spending on education in Bombay was ten times higher than in Orissa. What would human capital and institutional capital have looked like by the time of independence but for the Raj -- that's the question. Bankim Chandra Chatterji wrote the famous novel Anandmath, which contains the national song Vande Mataram. Many works based on patriotic themes were produced. Our youth must realise that six decades of self-depreciation have not helped us to be progressive.
But there are two ways of arriving at this point. They also began to use canvas, watercolours and oil paints. No Hindu who has received an English education ever remains sincerely attached to his religion. The introduction of the railways in particular helped to break down barriers of religion and caste. This self-denigration that started with the 'modern education' has done us more harm than good.
If you bothered to read what I said. Some historians claim that the British, who kept the system in place, took advantage of it to help their rule. For instance, William Carey who bemoaned how so few Indians had converted to Christianity in spite of his best efforts had little respect or sympathy for Indian traditions. Thus, they denied traditional social privileges to the upper castes and helped reduce caste discrimination in Indian society. Today, Indians comprise about 1. I must be a little slow this morning.
Western education, however, influenced Indian society in a way that the British could never have imagined. This led to social reform movements, and later aroused national pride among the Indians. Introduction of industrialisation and urbanisation. On the eve of India's colonisation 25 per cent of world's trade originated in India greater than what China exports today. Chaudhary writes that having made a general provision for state schooling, the British then left the administration of funds and so-forth largely to local elites, who-- being also the taxpayers funding the system-- proceeded to spend relatively little and most of that on their own castes. So, they established educational institutions attached to their churches, mainly in Madras, Bombay and Calcutta. While British goods were exempted from duties while entering Indian markets, Indian goods entering England were burdened with heavy customs duties.
Prior to the rule of the British, India was divided into a number of states and there was no unity among the rulers of different states. Scientific and technological education gained more importance than traditional and cultural education in this era. What is the evidence that the overall economy prospered over this time period? In-fact whatever harm the British had done to India was only to safeguard their own interest and whatever advantage the Indians received from the British rule was the outcome of the efforts made by the leaders of national movement. Ignorant of a history that has an enormous potential to extricate us from our state of self-depreciation, we continue to be a victim of this crime. The British, however, practised racial discrimination. Occupations thus become a relatively independent element. This idea was definitely in variance with the Hindu thought The insistence of British courts on dealing equally with a Brahmin and an outcaste was at first resented by the Indians and accepted in the long run.
What is your objection to the claim that the Indian economy grew? One must end in a complete alienation of mind and separation of interest between ourselves and the natives; the other in a permanent alliance, founded on mutual benefits and goodwill. About the Author Rita Kennedy is a writer and researcher based in the United Kingdom. According to the , 1,053,411 Britons had full Indian ethnicity representing 1. Colonisation coerces people from subordinated culture to denigrate themselves. White contestants who is , and were all seen to have been mocking Bollywood actress because of her accent.