Wilson appeased the business by appointing a few conservatives to the Federal Reserve Board and the Federal Trade Commission, but he used most of his energies for progressive support. German and Austro-Hungarian agents in America destroyed the Central Powers' image when they resorted to violence in American factories and ports, and when one agent left his briefcase in a New York elevator, the contents of which were found to contain plans for sabotage. Johnson, Charles Evans Hughes 4. The Workingmen's Compensation Act of 1916 granted assistance of federal civil-service employees during periods of instability but was invalidated by the Supreme Court. After Taft tried to break apart U. They made full-blooded Indian General Victoriano Huerta the president.
Dollar Diplomacy Generally unsuccessful Taft foreign policy in which government attempted to encourage overseas business ventures 12. It was an attempt to provide the United States with a sound yet flexible currency. Progressive Republicans grew deeply disillusioned with Taft, especially over the issues of a. Initiative It allowed any citizen to introduce a bill into the legislative and required members to take a vote on it. Recall Progressive device that would enable voters to remove corrupt or ineffective officials from office 5.
Conditions in Latin America, however, forced this peaceful president to take military action. This was after the passenger ship the Sussex was sunken by a torpedo. Increased the size of the interstate commerce commission to seven members. Steel despite Roosevelt being personally involved in one of the mergers that prompted the suit, Taft increasingly became Roosevelt's antagonist. The rebels were very violent and threatened Americans living in Mexico, but Woodrow Wilson would not intervene to protect American lives.
He wanted to prove that the government, not private business, ruled the country. Strengthened the Interstate Commerce Commission and curbed serious abuses in the railroad industry. Secretary of the Interior who opened public lands in Wyoming, Montana, and Alaska to corporate development. Know: Richard Hofstadter, New Left Historians 14. Tarbell launched a devastating exposé against Standard Oil and its ruthlessness. Early muckraker who exposed the political corruption in many American cities m.
Progressive proposal to allow voters to bypass state legislatures and propose legislation themselves. The court had Roosevelt's antitrust suit and ordered the company to be dissolved, which it did. The result was dozens of dams thrown across virtually every major Western River in the west. The Supreme Court case of Muller v. While we strive to provide the most comprehensive notes for as many high school textbooks as possible, there are certainly going to be some that we miss.
Clayton Antitrust Act It lengthened the Sherman Anti-Trust Act's list of practices. Department's Division of Forestry and a conservationist. Meat Inspection Act of 1906 H. This defeated the initial purpose of reducing the tariffs. Wilson was a sympathizer with the South, a fine orator, a sincere and morally appealing politician, a very intelligent man, but he was cold personality-wise, austere, intolerant of stupidity, and very idealistic. Identification Supply the correct identification for each numbered description.
They favored the initiative so voters could directly propose legislation, the referendum so the people could vote on laws that affected them, and the recall to remove bad officials from office. Senators did not represent the people, but really the railroads and trusts. Debs, who garnered 420,793 votes. Theodore Roosevelt made up the name. New Freedom It was Woodrow Wilson's domestic policy that promoted antitrust modification, tariff revision, and reform in banking and currency matters. He attacked the tariff as too high, banks as corrupt by the rich, and trusts as milking the people. Johnson, other states also took to regulate railroads and trusts, such as Oregon and California.
New Nationalism It was favored by Roosevelt's progressive political policy; it stated heavy government intervention in order to assure social justice was necessary. What were the goals of the Progressives? It was based on the upwelling national mood of concern about the disappearance of the frontier. Oregon showed attorney Louis D. The La Follette Seamen's Act of 1915 required good treatment of America's sailors, but it sent merchant freight rates soaring as a result of the cost to maintain sailor health. The President Tames the Trusts Know: Federal Trade Commission Act, Clayton Anti-Trust Act 6. It refers to newspaper reporters and other writers who pointed out the social problems of the era of big business.