Human language is not purely a reflex triggered automatically by external stimuli or internal emotional states. Human language, however, differs because it gives us the ability to do all of those things and more. Bird calls consist of one or more short notes and seem to be instinctive responses to danger, nesting, flocking and a few other basic situations. The symbol or linguistic sign used in a language a hundred years ago may be extended, changed and even may not be used any more. After extensive observation and research, she has been able to recognize elephants by their voices. This seems to indicate that primate communication systems, like those of bees and birds, are largely instinctive rather than learned.
As a language community a community can be own difference of expression, attitude, tone, accent. They cannot be used metaphorically or figuratively. Humans can invent myths and tell lies. The English spoken 1000 years ago would seem a completely foreign language, at least as unintelligible to you as German or Icelandic. All those ways of communication function differently according to the needs. Human language can be used as an index, just like animal communication, but it may also exhibit what has been termed displacement.
Human language has signifier and signified. Clarity is emerging from novel insights and experimental technologies, however. Journal of Comparative Physiology A. In addition, Mowgli in the Jungle Book grew up in the animal environment and his communication systems became like animals. This can be seen in different words in different languages referring to the same meaning, or to different calls of different sub-species of a single bird species having the same meaning. As a system of communication, different languages are used by people residing in different areas or belonging to a different community. For communication, humans use many different languages but, English is the common global language.
However, apes seem incapable of acquiring a true grammar--a set of functional patterns that can express unlimited meaning. A poet is a man possessing a higher sensibility than others. For example, Heliothine moths have differentiated communication: females are able to send a chemical to indicate preparedness to mate, while males cannot send the chemical. A way to sum up what these examples have in common is to say that they are stimulus controlled. Language is the essence of communication, without which, it cannot exist. Although these languages differ strikingly in their phonological, morphological and syntactic structure, each and every language serves to express a virtually unlimited variety of old and new experience. The effect of the displacement of cultures, will be so intense that a new culture of human will be created.
We really don't know yet. It also does not apply to written language. In other words, they are indexes indices used telegraphically. What makes human communication different from that of other animals? Generative computation Humans can generate a practically limitless variety of words and concepts. I do agree that humans have a much better control center and ability to output signals. A life means nothing to Captain Leather, and he has no feeling towards the death of the soldiers. Animals also use signs when communicating, but their signs can take a variety of forms, depending on the species.
For example, a baby and a puppy are growing up in the same environment hearing mostly the same thing. However, when asking whether human language is unique from other forms of animal language, the answer is definitely yes. On the other hand, language is a human communication method or the system through which two people interact. Parrots and mynah birds can render perfect imitations of the human voice. The distinctive sound of sea lions is produced both above and below water. The timid primate, by contrast, is tense and walks with its back arched as if to spring away at any moment. Birds have two types of sound signals-- calls and songs.
The question remains a subject of intense scientific scrutiny and debate. Caste system in India 6. More than one sign cannot share the same meaning. Displaying body parts is a very common form of animal communication, especially in birds as their males become extremely attractive during the breeding season. Interestingly, although bird songs are inborn, and young birds naturally begin producing them at a certain age even if raised away from their species, the fledgling bird must experience adult songs to reproduce the song perfectly. Governments all over the world pay a close.
The linguistic sign of the same object may differ from one geographical region to another. Although a parrot can say human words, the animal doesn't know the meaning of the words it mimics. Bloomfield has described language as Totality of the utterance that can be made in a speech community. Human beings start to acquire language from the moment they are born. Trying to teach them is similar to trying to teach a chimp. We know this because of experiments that made honeybees walk back to their nests. Thus language has got two levels of patterning which is not prevailed in animal communication.