Chandragupta then began expanding his empire further south beyond the barrier of the Vindhya Range and into the Deccan Plateau except Tamil Country,Kalinga modern day Orissa. The 30 members were divided into 6 Boards of 5 members each. In or about 304-5 B. Civilizations have existed for millions of years and are the basic unit of structure for a society. Legends Associated with Chandragupta Maurya and Chanakya A Greek text describes Chandragupta Maurya as a mystic who could control the behavior of aggressive wild animals like lions and elephants. The empire went on to become one of the largest in the entire world. Purchased by a Brahman politician, Kautilya also called Chanakya , he was taken to Taxila now in Pakistan , where he received an education in military tactics and the aesthetic arts.
Chandragupta Maurya was the first one to face the result of a foreign invasion and the state of depression. Smith is rejected by the scholars on the ground that Bindusara is not famous in history as a conqueror. Several officials were employed by Asoka to tour the provinces after three or five years and it was their duty to see that no injustice was done to the people. And then Mauryan Empire was dissolute. This very army was the platform on which the Maurya Empire was built. Fines, forced labour, whipping, mutilation and execution were methods of punishment.
He renounced all worldly pleasures and became a monk as per the tradition of Jainism. Some things they traded were salt, iron, fish, and cattle. He then traveled south to a cave at Shravanabelogola, now in Karnataka. It is believed that Chandragupta Maurya adopted Jainism and became an ascetic under the Jain saint Bhadrabahu. They were Samharta Collector General , Sannidhata Officer incharge of treasury , Darvarika Gate Keeper , Antarvesika Officer in charge of harem , Prasathi Inspector General of Prisons , Pradestri Divisional Commissioner , Nayaka City constable , Paura Governor of the capital ,Vyavaharika Chief justice , Mantri Parisadadhyakshya President of the council Dandopala Police chief , Durgapala Officer in charge of home defences , and Antapala Officer in charge of frontier defenses.
A large part of the dynasty was creating a monetary system where the increase of minting and circulation of coin currency grew. While under the guardianship of Canakya, Chandragupta is said to have met Alexander the Great in Punjab, shortly before he died in 326 B. His personal dignity was so much affected that he took a vow that he should try to destroy the Nanda king. Within two years of becoming king, Chandragupta had successfully destroyed all Nanda power and eliminated his opponents by using well-thought-out administrative tactics that even included a secret service. The first was in 518 b. When it comes to Chanakya, there are no shortages of mystical legends. But this statement appears to be an exaggeration of facts.
Twelve TablesCitizenship- who had it? His empire stretched from present-day Pakistan and Afghanistan in the west, to the present-day Bangladesh and the Indian state of Assam in the east, and as far south as northern Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. The Nanda King was spared his life and permitted to leave Pataliputra with his family and as much treasure as he could carry off in a single chariot. Both rulers made certain that agriculture continued to expand, thereby increasing their economy. With an army of 400,000 according to Strabo or 600,000 according to Pliny the Elder , Chandragupta conquered all of the Indian subcontinent except for Kalinga now Orissa on the east coast and the kingdom at the farthest southern tip of the landmass. The Six Boards were en-trusted with the following duties respectively. Featured image: Detail of s tatue of Chandragupta Maurya, right.
Other similar highways built by him connected his capital to places like Nepal, Dehradun, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Deccan plateau: south of the fertile plains — India interior. He found Pataliputra a rich city where hospitals provided care for the poor without charge. Both differed in the way they handled their borders, the way they looked at society, and religion. The village was the lowest unit of administration.
He was later sold to a hunter to tend cattle, then purchased by a Brahman politician, Canakya also called Kautilya , who is credited with being the main contributor to the Arthasastra, a textbook on politics. He was great succeeded to the Nanda throne. The empire flourished across generations for more than 130 years. His was the largest empire in the Indian history. These two dynasties were different when it came their borders, as well as government. In the time of Asoka justice was tempered with kindness. Indus Valley civilization traded with Sumar Iraq 5.
Bindusara started the campaign in Deccan for extending his father control in the peninsula as far as Mysore. . Provincial Administration: For the administrative convenience the extensive Maurya Empire was divided into five provinces like Magadha, Taxila, Swarnagiri Songiri and Tosali Dhauli and Kausambi. Legend states that while he slept, following the meeting with Alexander, a lion began licking Chandragupta's body, bestowing in him hopes of royal dignity. He lived at Sravanbelgola where some local Inscriptions still perpetuate his memory. The Greek Satrapas of Alexander were exercising their control with the help of Macedonian garrison.
The Mongols made use of Chinese… Words 434 - Pages 2 Han Dynasty was a strong and united empire established by Gaozu Liu bang in 202 B. Times of emergency, who ruled? He also built a highway which stretched across thousand miles, connecting Pataliputra present day Patna to Takshashila present day Pakistan. Chanakya saw this and was impressed with Chandragupta's sense of justice. During his reign,he had thousands of palace maidens,and kept tens of thousands of horses. The land revenue was the chief source of income of the state. Whereas Buddhist text, the Mahavamsa, says that Chandragupta Maurya is from Moriya, a branch of the Khattiya Kshatriya clan. Chanakya, who entered the palace at that time, realized that Durdhara would no longer live and hence decided to save the unborn child.