The Simla Deputation strengthened this belief by demonstrating the potency of united action. In its initial years it passed pious resolutions. He even founded the Mohammedan Anglo Oriental College in 1875 at Aligarh to spread education. After these leaders approved the plan, Mountbatten discussed it with Gandhi and convinced him that it was the best plan under the circumstances. Question 7: Explain the circumstances leading to the formation of Minto-Morley Reforms. The Lahore resolution was actually adopted on March 24, 1940, but officially in Pakistan March 23 is considered the date of its adoption.
Within the Congress he however always tried to bargain for one-third reservation for his community. On first October 1906 a 35-member delegation of the Muslim nobles, aristocracies, legal professionals and other elite section of the community mostly associated with Aligarh movement gathered at Simla under the leadership of Aga Khan to present an address to Lord Minto. Islamophobia is becoming a problem that should be addressed by all Muslims and non-Muslims, it should be studied well, to generate practical solutions that are beneficial to all people. Success of Simla Deligation on Nob - 1906. The initial membership was 400, with members hailing proportionately from all provinces.
In a very short span of time, the rulers of India, the Muslims, were the enslaved on one hand by the British, and on the other by their co-religionists, whose obscurantism urged Muslims into isolation and conformity. Or Why did the British believe in the policy of Divide and Rule in India? The success of Simla Deputation made it imperative for the Muslims of the subcontinent to have their own political organization. This great Muslim reformer had understood the social, economic and educational downward spiral experienced in the Muslim community in the immediate aftermath of the War of Independence in 1857. The appearance of Mohandas K. However, Hindu agitation against the partition of Bengal, and Hindu religious revivalism and hostility to the Muslims injected into the Congress by Bal Gangadhar Tilak, a fundamentalist Hindu leader changed the situation. Kanpur is believed to have been founded by King Hindu Singh of Sachendi. Answer: i The British exploited the caste structure of the Indian society by playing the non-Brahmins against Brahmins.
The League was to have a president, six vice-presidents, a secretary and two joint secretaries, all elected for a term of three years. Hindu protest against the partition of Bengal 3. These extremist played loud music outside mosques which was disgraceful and offensive and also banned the slaughter of cows. Flush with success, the Muslim members gathered in April for the Delhi convention and demanded a sovereign state and two constitution-making bodies. Since its inception, Congress had shown clear its interest to only safeguard the rights of Hindus. He argued that the perpetuation of the grievances of their countrymen in that land, in spite of the most vigorous condemnation both in India and in England, weighed heavily on the hearts of all Indians irrespective of caste and creed.
However, the support of the British Government to the political Islamists in their non-secular intention as well as contemptuous attitude towards majority rule helped the League to become the sole representative body of Indian Muslims. However, the support of the British Government to the political Islamists in their non-secular intention as well as contemptuous attitude towards majority rule helped the League to become the sole representative body of Indian Muslims. The new nation had 60 million Muslims in East Bengal, West Punjab, Sind, the North-West Frontier Province, and Baluchistan. Or State any two objectives of the Muslim League. It was the first big achievement of the party, which granted separate constitutional identity to the Muslims.
He took keen interest in the formation of the Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental Defence Association and became its Secretary. In 1905 when Bengal was partitioned, Congress was against it and immediately demanded for its reversal. Its original purpose was to safeguard the political rights of Muslims in India. His address proved to be a milestone in the history of the Sub Continent and the creation of Pakistan. On December 30, 1906, Muslim league was formed under the leadership of Aga Khan, the Nawab of Dhaka and Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk to the notion to safeguard the rights of Indian Muslims. The viceroy Lord Curzon 1899—1905 partitioned the province of Bengal in October 1905, creating a Muslim majority province in the eastern wing.
The Convention Muslim League ceased to exist when Ayub Khan resigned in 1969. The period from 1943 to 1946 was the period for making the Muslim League a real national organization. This article was last updated on Sunday, June 01, 2003. Sir Agha Khan lll who named it as All india Muslim League was declared the honorary president of the Muslim League while Lucknow was made its first headquarters. Picture Based Questions Question 1: Answer the following: i Name the famous Muslim reformer in the picture.
Although the conditions of the Muslims were not the same all over the British Empire, there was a general backwardness in commerce and education. Indian National Conference was founded in 1885 but it did very little for the Muslim cause though it was joined by many top rank Muslims. This is a moment of life and death for the Muslims…The Muslim League is determined to win freedom, but it should be a freedom not only for the strong and the dominant but equally for the weak and the suppressed. Jinnah was instrumental in the Lucknow Pact of 1916 between the congress and the league, which assigned 30 percent of provincial council seats to Muslims. It is the same old tactics of the British Government.
The United Province came into lime light when the Hindi, written in Devnagari script, was made the official language and the minorities felt a fear of being suppressed by the Hindus who were in majority. The muslims became the target of british victimization. The Muslim League survived as a minor party in India after partition, and since 1988 has splintered into several groups, the most important of which is the Indian Union Muslim League. The headquarters of the All India Muslim League was established in Lucknow, and Sir Aga Khan was elected as its first president. He was also president between 1920 and 1930 and again from 1937 to 1947. The result of this backwardness was that they were not offered Government jobs whereas the Hindus were in Government jobs in a much greater number. He even started advising the Muslims to stay away from the Hindus and support the British Rule in India.
Beer Mugs after mugs were gulped down to bid adieu to 1970 and welcome the New Year. Answer: The Muslims were not attracted by the Western science, Democracy or Nationalism. But these statements are not supported by evidence. Question 9: What were the objectives of the Muslim League? He even successfully contested against the League candidate for the election of Viceroy's Legislative Council. In 1941, it became part of the Muslim League's constitution. A 56-member provisional committee was constituted with prominent Muslim leaders from different parts of the country. Reconciliation was not possible, and talks between Gandhi and Jinnah for a united India in September 1944 failed.