Nilgiris connects in southeastern Karnataka with the and hills. Primary or secondary moist deciduous forests cover the lower western hills. The Papi Hills Papi Kondalu are distributed among the Khammam, East Godavari and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh and lie in the Eastern Ghats. In the Madras Presidency, the Western Ghats continue in the same general direction, running southwards at a distance of from 50 to 100 miles from the sea until they terminate at Cape Comorin, the southern most extremity of India. The foothill region east of the Ghats in is known as , while the eastern foothills of the central Karnataka state is known as. Palni Hills is protected as a wildlife sanctuary or Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park.
Thus presently the coffee cultivation reached 1 lakh acres and maintained by the tribal farmers. The climate of the higher hill ranges is generally cooler and wetter than the surrounding plains and the hills are home to coffee plantations and enclaves of dry forest. Gneiss and hornblende schists are the prevailing rocks in this section, capped in many places by laterite, with some bosses of granite. Mulainagiri 1,923 m 6,307 ft Bababudan Hills, Karnataka 9. The main crop produced in the eastern ghats is the Rice, which is also the staple food of the people living in the region. The Eastern Highlands moist deciduous ecoregion's forests are dominated by Shorea robusta , in association with , , , , , Cleisanthus, and.
Kolaribetta Peak The peak of Kolaribetta is one of the seven tallest summits of blue mountains of South India, with an elevation of 2,630 metres 8,629 ft. In 1960s, the Andhra Pradesh Forest Department developed coffee plantations in 10100 acres in Reserve forest areas. Above 1,000 meters elevation are the cooler and wetter , whose evergreen forests are characterised by trees of family. The Deccan Plateau lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats. The region is home to several brilliantly colored ornamental fishes like , several species of barbs, , Horabagrus catfish, and.
An avid photographer he now lives in Bangalore. They run from West Bengal through Orissa and Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south passing some parts of Karnataka. South of this gap the Ghats rise abruptly again to even more than their former height. The Kondapalli Hills are a range of low hills which lie between the Krishna and the rivers. The is a northeastern prolongation of the eastern Ghats which rises abruptly and steeply in the east and slopes gently to a dissected plateau in the west running from north-west to south-west. The southernmost of the Eastern Ghats are the low and Karanthamalai Hills of southern Tamil Nadu.
Here to numerous chains and groups of lofty hills branch off from the Ghats eastwards, forming the complex series of mountain heights south of Nagar in the west of Kadur district. The peak with an elevation of 2,695 m 8,842 ft is located in the region of Eravikulam National Park near the Cardamom Hills. There are as many as 501 inscriptions engraved upon various media, including lithic, copper plates, crystals, pots, and conch, of which 360 are lithic records, 7 are sets of copper plates, and 134 are inscribed pots and conches. The region boasts of fertile soil but hydropower generation here is not as profitable as it is in the Western Ghats. Cardamom Hills mountainous terrain and deep valleys are home of three major rivers and famous Idukki Dam and Mullaperiyar Dam. Ts of coffee, marketed the same through E-auctions Buddhist culture Left: Rock-cut cistern at ; Right: Rock-cut Buddhist monastery at in the Eastern Ghats in The Eastern Ghats are home to many ruins, from Odisha to South Andhra.
Although this difficulty has been reduced in the present times due to the advanced transport technology, however in the olden days, it was definitely a huge task to pass the ghats and get onto the opposite side. Doddabetta Peak Dodabetta is the highest mountain in the Nilgiri Hill ranges at a height of 2623 meters 8652 feet in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu. The elevation is generally between 700 and 1,000 m, but some of the pinnacles attain greater heights; the tallest are the Kalsubai 1,646 m near Igatpuri, Salher 1,567 m 90 km north of Nasik and the famous Mahabaleshwar 1,438 m. Around 1 lakh tribal families living in this region are getting financially stabilized through coffee cultivation. This page has been served 32859 times since 2004-11-01. During the between June and September, the unbroken Western Ghats chain acts as a barrier to the moisture laden clouds.
Although most of the peninsular rivers drain into the Bay of Bengal, their origin point is the western ghats. At the southern tip of the bow, there is massive sandstone hills rising step by step to the temple of Tirupati situated at the height of 1150 meters. On the Eastern Ghats, there are the different type of scarp areas, which nearly absent here. Near the northern tip of the bow, the Krishna across the hills in a deep incised double meander in the form of an S, just below the famous temple of Srisailam. They run from West Bengal through Orissa and Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south passing some parts of Karnataka. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences - Section B. The summits of the hills are mostly bare, but the sides are clothed with magnificent evergreen forests.
The difference in the elevation levels of the highest peaks in both the ghats can also be compared. Among the indigenous species, 2,253 species are endemic to India and of them, 1,273 species are exclusively confined to the Western Ghats. Noteworthy lizards include the , of leg-less such as , and that are known only from the northern ranges and along the adjoining Eastern coastal plains in northern and. The of the Tirumala Hills is a major of significance that represents an extensive period of and. The region is also home to many. The Maliya Range generally ranges between elevations of 900—1200 m, although some of its summits soar higher.
Banasuram 2,060 m 6,757 ft Southern Sahyadris, Kerala 7. Towards the south, the Ghats consist of complex formation of pre-cambrian rocks. It is made up of a series of more or less high hills, some of them like Matheran 700 m almost reaching the height of the plateau and bears testimony of regressive erosion. It is not an exaggeration to say that in Araku region, the coffee cultivation is not only helping conservation of forest and ecological balances but also as a viable high economic pursuit to the tribal farmers. In the southern tail of Orissa, Mahendragiri peak is 1500 meters high. Level 2 Parent Level 3 Sibling Level 3 Sibling Level 3 Sibling Eastern Ghats Level 3 Level 3 Sibling Level 3 Sibling Major Peaks of the Eastern Ghats Ten Highest Peaks Rank Peak Name m ft Range4 1.
The Velikonda Range eventually descends to the coastal plain in northern , while the Nallamalla Range continues to the River Krishna. Pushpagiri 1,713 m 5,619 ft Kodagu, Karnataka 15. Other large animals such as Nilgiri Tahr, leopards, Gaurs, Sambar, and tigers abound the landscape. Eastern Ghats of India The Eastern Ghats also known as Purva Ghat in Hindi, it is entirely different from the Western Ghats, because a western hat is the continuous range of scarp lands and the Eastern Ghats are mostly absent on the scrap areas. The region covers about three-fourths of the entire state. Communications across this part of the range have, however, been greatly improved of late years. Chicago University of Chicago Press.