Lassen and others have favoured the idea that the last words of the passage refer to the Indian habit of com- mitting maxims and even continuous scriptures to memory, the implication being that when Megas- thenes asked for information he was given a great deal of matter reeled off as from a gramaphone disk. In the country of the Praxii, b who are an Indian people, Megasthenēs says there are apes not inferior in size to the largest dogs. Megasthenes resided in the empire, apparently traveling to India as part of that country's diplomacy. They consider nothing that befalls men to be either good or bad, to suppose otherwise being a dream-like illusion, else how could some be affected with sorrow, and others with pleasure, by the very same things, and how could the same things affect the same individuals at different times with these opposite emotions? The greater part of the soil, moreover, is under irrigation, and consequently bears two crops in the course of the year. The Gallitalutae are identified by the same author with the Gahalata or Gehlots ; the Dimuri with the Dumras, who, though belonging to the Gangetie valley, originally came from that of the Indus ; the Megari with the Mokars of the Rājput chronicles, whose name is perhaps preserved in that of the Mehars of the lower part of Sindh, and also in that of the Megharis of Eastern Baluchistan; the Mesae with the Mazaris, a considerable tribe between Shikārpūr and Mitankot on the western bank of the Indus ; and the Uri with the Hauras of the same locality —the Hurairas who figure in the Rājput lists of thirty-six royal tribes.
It is contrary to established usage for an Indian either to do or suffer a wrong, and therefore they neither make contracts nor require securities. But he was not ours, a man such as has miserably injured and lost his soul, on which account he is plainly unworthy to be a friend either of God or of ours, nor has he deserved security among the woods in this world, nor can he hope for the glory which is promised in the future. On the other hand, others do not live beyond the age of forty,—nearly related to the Macrobii, whose women bear offspring but once. But the earlier name of the place was Kālikavārtta, or ' Kalika's whirlpool. We see from a host of examples besides this, that the poetic fables and popular legends of India had taken, in passing into the Greek narratives, an appearance of reality, and a sort of historical consistency.
They are liable to many distempers, and are not easily cured. So huge are the serpents that they swallow stags whole, and other animals of equal size. The Marohae are probably the Maruhas of the list of the Varāha Saṃhitā, which was later than Pliny's time by four and a half centuries. The elephant when feeding at large ordinarily drinks water, but when undergoing the fatigues of war is allowed wine,—not that sort, however, which comes from the grape, but another which is prepared from rice. Fitch, who travelled n India about 1585, says that a people in Bhutān had ears a span long.
Established in 1994 in New York City, and headed by founders James Verdesoto and Vivek Mathur, we have created iconic campaigns for Hollywood movies, Independent films, network television and global cinema. Again, customary laws have more weight, and relate to more important matters, than written laws, and a man may be a safer ruler than the written law, but not safer than the customary law. Then next to these towards the Indus come, in an order which is easy to follow, the Amatae, Bolingae, Gallitalutae , Dimuri, Megari, Ordab ae, a Mesae ; after these the Uri and Sileni. They are, however, engaged by private persons to offer the sacrifices due in lifetime, and to celebrate the obsequies of the dead: for they are believed to be most dear to the gods, and to be the most conversant with matters pertaining to Hades. This river, according to some, rises from uncertain sources, like the Nile, a and inundates similarly the countries tying along its course; others say that it rises on the Skythian mountains, and has nineteen tributaries, of which, besides those already mentioned, the Condochates, Erannoboas, b Cosoagus, and Sonus are navigable. The Indica provides the historian a good idea of how the Greeks and Romans saw India. The creature now pricks up its ears, yields to the soothing strain, and its anger subsides.
Know this, however, that what Alexander offers me, and the gifts he promises, are all things to me utterly useless; but the things which I prize, and find of real use and worth, are these leaves which are my house, these blooming plants which supply me with dainty food, and the water which is my drink, while all other possessions and things, which are amassed with anxious care, are wont to prove ruinous to those who amass them, and cause only sorrow and vexation, with which every poor mortal is fully fraught. Though there is nothing to blame in either lection, yet it is easier to change σχοινοις than σχοινιοις, for Strabo may have been surprised to find the Greek schoenus in use also in India. Arrian is also considered as one of the founders of a primarily military-based focus on history. Megasthenēs also expresses the same opinion in the 4th hook of his Indika, where he endeavours to show that the aforesaid king of the Babylonians Nabouchodonosor surpassed Hērakles in courage and the greatness of his achievements, by telling us that he conquered even Ibēria. To the people of India at large they also render great benefits, when, gathered together at the beginning of the year, they forewarn the assembled multitudes about droughts and. This chain, which runs north and south, was regarded by the ancients as dividing Northern Asia into 'Skythia intra Imaum' and ' Skythia extra Iniaum,' and it has formed for ages the boundary between China and Turkestan.
Her descendants rule over 300 cities, and command an army of 150,000 foot and 500 elephants. They maintain, moreover, that all men are held in bondage, like prisoners of war, e to their own innate enemies, the sensual appetites, gluttony, anger, joy, grief, longing desire, and such like, while it is only the man who has triumphed over these enemies who goes to God. Such was the state of matters at the first, but afterwards, when the Indian on being wounded slipped down to the ground, the elephant, true to his salt, bestrides him as soldiers in battle bestride a fallen comrade, whom they cover with their shields, kills many of the assailants, and puts the rest to flight. Their rude solemnities, Their barbarous shouts, Apollo's heart delight; Laughing the rampant brute he sees Insult the solemn rite. The tribes first mentioned in the list occupied the country extending from the Jamunā to the western coast about the mouth of the Narmadā. Megas- thenes' statement, however, throws no light on what state of development dharma had reached by then on such subjects.
It is said that when they have satisfied their appetite they retire in an orderly manner to their haunts in the woods, ithout injuring a single thing that comes in their way. As they were of Mongolian origin, the Indians represented them with the distinctive features of that race, but with their repulsiveness exaggerated. Their robes are worked in gold, and ornamented with precious stones, and they wear also flowered garments made of the finest muslin. Thus they dress in muslin, wear the turban, use perfumes, array themselves in garments dyed of bright colours ; and their kings, when they appear in public, are preceded by the music of drums and gongs. Inner spine cracked, but firmly bound. He gives, lastly, 688 miles as the distance from Palibothra to the mouth of the Ganges, which agrees closely with the estimate of Megasthenēs, who makes it 5000 stadia. Death is with them a very frequent subject of discourse.
From to the Eastern Sea, it is bound by mountains that are called Kaukasos by the Macedonians. They never drink wine except at sacrifices. Nay, Strabo, in his eagerness to be interesting, has gone so for that the topography of India is almost entirely a blank in his pages. As with other authors of the Second Sophistic, Arrian wrote primarily in Attic Indica is in Herodotus' Ionic dialect, his philosophical works in Koine Greek. McKeon, The Edicts of A. They employ these animals in ploughing and for riding on, and regard them as forming the main part of their stock in battle.
Some superintend the rivers, measure the land, as is done in Egypt, and inspect the sluices by which water is let out from the main canals into their branches, so that every one may have an equal supply of it. They are bred in the woods, where also they live, subsisting on the fruits which they find growing wild on the hills. The name is preserved in Koringa, a great port at the mouth of the Godāvarī. They eat nothing, and they drink nothing. The MegallAe must be identified with the Māvelas of Sanskrit books, a great tribe described as settled to the west of the Jamunā. Hence they accord no special privileges to the old unless they possess superior wisdom.
When we remember what a fillip the discovery of that book was to India's self-respect, we can understand the controversy which burst over Megasthenes because what he reported or seemed to report did not square in all particulars with the semi-mythical Kautalya. They are also found to be well skilled in the arts, as might be expected of men who inhale a pure air and drink the very finest water. Of the Ancient History of the Indians. After these, but more inland, are the Monedes and Suari, a in whose country is Mount Maleus, on which shadows fall towards the north in winter, and towards the south in summer, for six months alternately. The knowledge, however, which comes from comprehending that Being which has self-existence completely destroys the ignorance which says 'I am.