Frequently lab groups make one of two mistakes: two people undertake all the work while two spend the time socializing, or everybody works together until the group finishes gathering the raw data, then makes a hasty exit. Keeping these aims in mind, we will consider how to compose a strong Methods section regarding content, structure, and style. The table can show what occurred at 50°C and higher, which will better illustrate the differences in solubility rates when solubility did happen. You don't want to plagiarize the work of others. Your Materials and Methods section demonstrates how you arrived at the results, and your Discussion component explores the relevance of the results, so clearly the Results section forms the backbone of the lab report.
When the Paramecia feed, it does so by drawing its food into a funnel-shaped opening called the oral groove that is lined with cilia see Fig. They move with the help of microscopic hair-like structures called cilia, which act like oars to push them through the water. Critical thinking is vital, which is why robots do not make very good scientists. Its movement is slow, and changing directions is just a matter of extending a pseudopod in a new direction. Mix the tubes and spread a loopful 0. Writing the abstract is pretty easy, there is an introduction sentence, then explain what you did in the experiment in the next few sentences 1-2 and conclude with your results 2-3 sentences.
Students who had completed further studies were excluded from the study. The Study Guides and Strategies Website is intended for students, ages middle school through returning adult, as well as their parents, teachers and support professionals. To do this, the introduction contains a brief literature review to describe previous research conducted on the problem, and to explain how the current experiment will help to clarify or expand the knowledge. If you don't know how to respond to one of the above questions, your lab supervisor will probably provide you with an explanation or guide you towards the proper response. Also, this is not the place to draw conclusions regarding the results—save them for the Discussion section. In the first trial the highest concentration of amylase actually took longer than the lowest concentration of amylase to digest the starch. Remember to use a past-tense and passive voice throughout the entire lab report.
A was used to obtain 30. This was repeated for all 4 tubes and the respective times were recorded. Amoebas do not seem to have a particular shape, with the exception of the pseudopodia that consistently protrude from the cell. Essentially you are introducing a reader to your topic and it's background. At the undergraduate level, it is often feasible to draw and label your graphs by hand, so long as the result is clear, legible, and drawn to scale. It should reflect the main question your experiment is all about.
These data should be presented in standard metric units: mm, cm, m, g, mg, etc. Many animals use amylase, an enzyme found in the saliva, to digest starch to maltose and glucose. Be cautious before you embark on such stipulations, as they are often falsifiable. The example protists were: Euglena, Paramecium, and Amoeba. Keep your Results focused on the central question of the lab experiment, and write down the relevant differences and unique characteristics that you noticed while performing the experiment.
Table 1: Tests and Results for Gram Negative Bacteria Test Purpose Reagents or Media Observations Results Gram Stain To determine whether the bacteria was gram negative or gram positive Crystal violet, Iodine, Alcohol, Safranin Red Rods Gram Negative bacteria Casein To determine if the enzyme casease was produced to break down the milk enzyme casein Milk Agar white opaque Milk Agar changed color where bacteria was smeared, turning a brown color Positive, the bacteria produced casease The first test performed on the gram positive bacteria was the Nitrate Test which turned red after adding reagents giving a positive result meaning the bacteria reduced nitrate into nitrite or something further. Do not explain results or discuss them here. Save those for the next section. This second experiment functioned as predicted despite using the same reaction mixes as in trial one of the concentration experiment leaving a possibility that the error in the first trial might have been in the way the dilutions were set up, incorrect pipetting. Future experiments could focus on comparing the different modes of inhibition for different classes of amylases as mentioned in figure 1.
Not all lab reports need to have figures and tables. In its development, it required the building and setting up of real nodes. Since every class functions to cleave starch in a slightly different way, two different classes can be compared to each other using the above three experiments to test which class of amylase retains more activity when subject to the three different constraints of concentration, pH, and temperature. To referrer to all graphs, figures, and tables, you should number them. As you will likely recall, the scientific method requires developing a hypothesis, putting it to the test, and then determining if your results support the hypothesis. At 80°C much of the enzyme could have been denatured explaining the extra 70 seconds it took from the ideal 100 seconds at 37°C. It communicates to the reader what the report will entail.
Keep your Results focused on the central question of the lab experiment, and write down the relevant differences and unique characteristics that you noticed while performing the experiment. This section is usually very straightforward, and writing it first helps many people establish the proper thought process and understanding of the work that will allow the rest of the report to flow more smoothly. Lab Manual for General Microbiology. The first unknown in 123 found to be a gram negative bacteria, was identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa. On the one hand, naturally, that is your impetus for discussing protocol, as well. Each test item was designed to be objective and was marked as either correct or incorrect. The other two results for 80°C and 22°C both are indicative that amylase functions less optimally at a temperature other than 37°C.
This was repeated for all 6 tubes and the respective times were recorded. Write the lab report in the passive voice. Describe how they affected your experiment. Should you feel overwhelmed, you can start by attempting to answer questions from your instruction sheet or lab manual to get a clue of what to address. Make sure to explain all figures below them, and if you have a table, the explanation always goes before the table. After removal with bacteria on the loop, the quadrant streak method was used.