To edit this worksheet, click the button below to signup it only takes a minute and you'll be brought right back to this page to start editing! Rumford eventually decided to stay in London because he was engrossed with establishing the in England. . Although most members of the Iroquois tribes went to Canada with the Loyalists, others tried to stay in New York and western territories to maintain their lands. Prior to the Revolution, colonists who supported British authority called themselves or , identifying with the political philosophy of dominant in Great Britain. The American Revolution in the Southern colonies. Grade Unit Two: Argumentative Task Scaffolding Activities Argumentative essay topic: Would you have joined the Loyalist or Patriots during the Revolutionary War? Conversely, loyalists believed all colonies owed respect and compliance to British rules and law. Military expeditions on each side destroyed villages and food supplies to reduce the ability of people to fight, as in the frequent raids by both sides in the Mohawk Valley and western New York.
Many Southern Loyalists, taking along their slaves, went to the and the , particularly to the. Many people felt that their lives would be better off if the colonies remained under British rule. What happened to loyalists during the war? A loyalist is a person who remains loyal to the established ruler or government. Some of them became presidents such as Thomas Jefferson who wrote the Declaration of Independence and John Adams. These Patriots rejected the lack of representation of colonists in the British Parliament and the imposition of British taxes. We all come from England anyways so we should stay loyal to the British. The United States government wanted the loyalists to stay.
Other native communities were divided over which side to support in the war and others wanted to remain neutral. While the loyalists fabricate ridiculous probabilities of unfortunate outcomes, the patriots fight for the freedom of the populace of the colonies. He would not even leave his country for higher placement or better career prospects. Patrick Henry thought that a battle with the British was inevitable considering the fact that there were only two options; retreat or fight. Benedict Arnold was a general in the Continental Army who went to fight for the British. Laws that the greater government passed were oppressive and showed decline in colonial rights.
Those are just some of the many men to fight against the British rule during the American Revolution. They included lawyers such as , students such as , planters such as and , merchants such as and , and farmers such as and. Most of the settlers had arrived following the British in 1759—1760, and were unlikely to support separation from Britain. In the 2000 film the Patriot, directed by Ronald Emmerich, and distributed by Columbia Pictures; we follow the story of American Revolution as seen through the eyes of a Southern plantation owner, played by Mel Gibson. What happened to loyalists during the war? As a result many households were divided in support.
No taxation without representation you can't tax us without us having a say They wanted to be their own country; free from the British They didn't like feeling conquered and controlled They didn't like the redcoats in their towns They wanted to have a representative government so they could make their own laws and have a say in how they were ruled. What if the place you just escaped from started trying to put taxes and laws on your colony without your government's permision? Samuel Adams was a man who fought against the British by word of mouth. Then why did the two groups fight against each other during the war? Loyalists were older, better established, and more likely to resist innovation than the Patriots. Indeed the king replaced the pope as the demon Patriots had to fight against. Others felt that the King and his appointed officials had their best interests in mind and preferred to stay loyal to the crown. Also, a loyalist would never like his master or the organization to suffer loss. Life for the loyalists became increasingly difficult during the war.
To separate from England would be cutting ourselves off from all we hold dear. Historian summarized scholarly research on the nature of Loyalist support as follows: The largest number of loyalists were found in the : many of supported , for example, as did many of the in the colony and in. By July 4, 1776, the Patriots had gained control of virtually all territory in the Thirteen Colonies and expelled all royal officials. Before Calhoon's work, estimates of the Loyalist share of the population were somewhat higher, at about one-third, but these estimates are now rejected as too high by most scholars. The Trial of Peter Zenger, The Proclamation of 1763, the Boston Massacre combined with constantly changing taxes and rules that governed them made many think that self-governance was the best path for the colonies.
Patriots strived for independence and liberty, and their claims were based on the idea of civic rights and representation. The Spirit of '76 originally entitled , painted by in the late nineteenth century, an iconic image relating to the surrounding the Patriots also known as Revolutionaries, Continentals, Rebels, or American Whigs were those colonists of the who rejected British rule during the and the United States of America as an independent nation in July 1776. The largest of these expeditions was the Sullivan Expedition of 1779, in which American colonial troops destroyed more than 40 Iroquois villages to neutralize Iroquois raids in upstate New York. The Carolina Backcountry on the Eve of the Revolution: The Journal and Other Writings of Charles Woodmason, Anglican Itinerant. New York City and Long Island were the British military and political bases of operations in North America from 1776 to 1783 and maintained a large concentration of Loyalists, many of whom were refugees from other states. Why should the colonists be taxed? Even while cries for independence and liberty were spreading across the thirteen colonies, loyalists continued to show their support to the British Empire — although they had to be more cautious once royal representatives were expelled from the country.
Many of the slaves in the South joined the Loyalists with intentions of gaining freedom and escaping the South. But 90 percent of the colonial population lived outside the cities, with the effective result that Congress represented 80 to 90 percent of the population. In addition to the different characteristics that made up the population of the Patriots and the Loyalists, each of their contributions to the war impacted the outcomes in a tremendous way. To download this worksheet, click the button below to signup for free it only takes a minute and you'll be brought right back to this page to start the download! Another famous loyalist was Joseph Galloway who was the Pennsylvania delegate to the Continental Congress but later worked for the British army. Also, remember that the British army occupied cities during the war. A patriot is one who loves his very deeply. Well, that is what the colonial soldiers believed in; freedom.
This could also be applied vice versa. The legislature named 232 Loyalists liable for confiscation of their property, but most appealed and were forgiven. In some cases the British government paid them for their loyalty, but it was usually not nearly as much as they had lost. Loyalists cannot be lured by money or wealth. Some loyalists formed their own militias to fight on Britain's side, such as the Royal American Regiment.
A patriot cannot be lured by the materialistic pleasures that any other country would offer. Captain Benjamin Hallowell, who as Mandamus Councilor in Massachusetts served as the direct representative of the Crown, was considered by the insurgents as one of the most hated men in the Colony, but as a token of compensation when he returned from England in 1796, his son was allowed to regain the family house. For the higher level students they will place the events in order by level of importance providing reasoning and justification to why they have placed the events in that order. Their property could be destroyed and their health and family harmed due to one's allegiance. These issues were factors in the Patriots' overall concern with tyrannical government. Loyalists also believed that some of the Patriots' concerns were e … xaggerated. User assumes all risk of use, damage, or injury.