Even so the yogin develops the five cardinal virtues with morality as his support, with morality as his basis. These alterations were possibly an adaption on Menander's part to the Indian coins of the Bactrian , who had conquered the westernmost parts of the Indo-Greek kingdom, and are interpreted by Bopearachchi as an indication that Menander recaptured these western territories after the death of Eucratides. There is really no Nagasena! But when one Menander, who had reigned graciously over the Bactrians, died afterwards in the camp, the cities indeed by common consent celebrated his funerals; but coming to a contest about his relics, they were difficultly at last brought to this agreement, that his ashes being distributed, everyone should carry away an equal share, and they should all erect monuments to him. Composed in northern India in perhaps the 1st or 2nd century ce and possibly originally in Sanskrit by an unknown author, the Milinda-panha is the one noncanonical work whose authority was accepted implicitly by such commentators as , who quoted it frequently. The Greeks who caused Bactria to revolt grew so powerful on account of the fertility of the country that they became masters, not only of Ariana, but also of India, as Apollodorus of Artemita says: and more tribes were subdued by them than by Alexander-- by Menander in particular at least if he actually crossed the towards the east and advanced as far as the , for some were subdued by him personally and others by , the son of the king of the Bactrians; and they took possession, not only of , but also, on the rest of the coast, of what is called the kingdom of and.
There is a quasi-causal continuum of phenomena, but phenomena are not entities. In this way he calls to mind his master's wealth. In that way, they are carried away by the flood and are not set free from birth, old age and death, from grief, lamentation, pain, sadness, and despair - they are, I say, not set free from suffering. It is not possible to point out the Blessed One as being here or there. Rhys Davids The Milinda Pañha also Milindapanha, Milindapañha, or Milindapañhā; abbrev. Like you said, we harm ourselves by clinging to past experience and recreating the harm in our minds. It is sometimes included in the Pali Canon of Theravada Buddhism as a book of the Khuddaka Nikaya.
Moreover, as medicine puts an end to sickness, so Nirvana puts an end to all sufferings. This often-quoted dictum occurs in the Milindapañha somewhere, as the answer to the question 'When a man dies, who is reborn—he or another? I think we are subject to consequences of past actions. The only reference to this location is in the semilegendary Milindapanha first or second century A. The Milinda Pañha is not regarded as canonical by or , however, despite the surviving text being in Sinhalese script. Some of the important topics raised in the dialogue are the nature of truth, the problem of evil, why philosophical inquiry is unavailing in these issues, and how the process of rebirth occurs.
Guesses among historians have been that Menander was either a nephew or a former general of the king , but the two kings are now thought to be separated by at least thirty years. Bottom: Depiction of Indo-Greek kings and. Of the seven books into which the work is divided, the second and third and sections of the first are masterpieces of ancient Indian prose. As cool water allays feverish heat, so also Nirvana is cool and allays the fever of all the passions. That flame has ceased, it has vanished.
If all the kings of India would come to see me with their questions, I could well dispose of them, and they would give no more trouble after that! However, in the Vajira Sutta the nun was speaking to the demon,. Senior and other numismatics such as David Bivar have suggested that Strato I ruled several decades after Menander: they point out that Strato's and Agathokleia's monograms are usually different from Menander's, and overstrikes and hoard findings also associates them with later kings. It takes for granted the validity of the person as 'self'; for it is only about 'self' that this question—'Eternal so or perishable añño? Only those win Nirvana who, progressing correctly, know by their super knowledge those dharmas which should be known by super knowledge, comprehend those dharmas which should be comprehended, forsake those dharmas which should be forsaken, develop those dharmas which should be developed, and realize those dharmas which should be realized. It is in this sense that calling to mind is a mark of mindfulness. But what would you say, Reverend Sir, to all that? The Milinda Panha is quite long and goes into great detail on a wide range of issues about what the Buddha taught. If a tree or creeper has a top, then for that reason it must also have a middle and a root.
That's rebirth without transmigration, as I understand it so far. The Milinda Panha might give some support to the idea that Menander's position was precarious, since it describes him as being somewhat cornered by numerous enemies into a circumscribed territory: Coin of Strato I and Agathokleia. Do those who have not had their hands and feet cut off know how hard it is to have them cut off? As a mountain is inaccessible, so is Nirvana inaccessible to all the passions. As far as I have understood, what we are is a compound of the five khandas which in the unaware mind takes them as a self as it happens with the six senses where the unaware mind thinks, for example, that the eye is myself. But the king would possesses a miraculous water-cleaning gem, and his men, in obedience to his command, would throw it into the stream. As a mountain peak is lofty and exalted, so is Nirvana. Lead me from opacity to clarity.
An idea arise and fade with no trace in our mind until we grasp, crave and cling. That is why no cause for its production has been proclaimed. Why does it do not transmigrate? Were the Lord Buddha Himself here, He would approve what you have said. And these are the ten qualities which Nirvana shares with space. Although there is no doubt that the two protagonists of the Milindapanha really existed and that they held discussions with each other, it is not a verbatim record of the discussions as such but a work of literature. Full of pain, then, is the continual succession of rebirths, a joy is it when that succession ends. The anthropomorphic representation of the is absent from Indo-Greek coinage, suggesting that the Indo-Greek kings may have respected the Indian an-iconic rule for depictions of the Buddha, limiting themselves to symbolic representation only.
Allay it with the cool sweet breezes of your words! This is reason why the common worlding suffers both physical and mental pain. But the well-informed holy disciples do not take delight in the senses and their objects, are not impressed by them, are not attached to them, and in consequence their craving ceases; the cessation of craving leads successively to that of grasping, of becoming, of birth, of old age and death, of grief, lamentation, pain, sadness, and despair - that is to say, to the cessation of all this mass of ill. And finally, as a mountain peak is free from all desire to please or displease, so is Nirvana! But the effects do continue after the breakup of this body. King Milinda, accompanied by a retinue of 500 Greeks, went up to where he was, gave him a friendly and courteous greeting, and sat on one side. It is just so with me.
And it was in pointing out the advantage of that end, the disaster involved in that succession, that the Blessed One, great king, instigated us to get beyond birth, and old age, and disease, and death by the realisation of the final end of that succession of rebirths. Sounds like a good way to phrase it to me. But they have been produced because of it. How can I be expected to agree with that! In support of this, it is noted that the Chinese versions of the work are substantially shorter. . No need to bring this, necessarily, into the after death realm. Foreigners on the Northern Gateway of Stupa I,.
King Milinda, accompanied by a retinue of 500 Greeks, went up to where he was, gave him a friendly and courteous greeting, and sat on one side. We are all subject to the actions of people we've never met nor even knew existed. Is the pole the chariot? Whosoever does so shall be dealt with according to the law. The Questions of King Milinda The Questions of King Milinda translated by T. There's no telling how many times rebirth occurs in this lifetime.