People participated in processing and black flag demonstration. On October 28th 1928, the Simon Commission arrived at Lahore. In 1928, Chandra Shekhar Azad, Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and others had founded the Hindustan Republication Socialist Association. The Government of India Act 1935 forms the basis of many parts of the Indian constitution. The purpose of their visit was to study the constitutional reform in British India and to suggest more such reforms.
They were again greeted with black flags. Another was held at Lahore that was led by Muhammad Shafi, where he supported the Government. The demand for reforms was made in view of the fact that the Act of 1919 fell far short of the aspirations of the Indian people. There also the Congress Party showed demonstration against the commission. According to British India none of the Indian was included into the team because various Indian groups have major differences and could not come into any agreement for any constitutional changes.
Even senior leaders like Pandit Nehru were not spared. It was attended by the Muslim League, the Liberals and representatives of the Princely States. Indians were not allowed to vote at the proceedings of the Commission. By doing constitution reforms, they tried to show the Indians that they were sincere in the effort in giving people self rule. Wherever the commission went, it received the same response. So, for the agenda-less Congress, Simon Commission came as a blessing in disguise and they got an issue to take up effectively.
There would become universal suffrage to elect the lower house and the provincial councils. In the Congress session it was decided to boycott the Simon commission. People in India were infuriated and felt insulted, for the Commission, which had been constituted to analyse and recommend constitutional reforms for India, did not have a single Indian member. Maximum Indian AutonomyA right of self Government termed as Autonomy. On January 21, 1929, the All India Muslims Conference rejected the report. Why was Simon Commission boycotted? Since the British administration had failed to include even a single Indian in the Commission, it was strongly opposed by national leaders and freedom activists. Accordingly it was said in the conference that India be given the status of dominion status which means that India be a self governor colony under British rule.
All members of the committee were British and not one of them was Indian. Objective of Simon commission was to delay the power from British to the Indian. He also agreed to give up his demand for full independence in return for a promise that in a federal India, Indians would have a genuine say in how they governed. We will resist the new doctrine to the best of our powers…I welcome Pandit Malaviya, and I welcome the hand of fellowship extended to us by Hindu leaders from the platform of the Congress and the Hindu Mahasabha…. It proposed the abolition of dyarchy and the establishment of representative government in the provinces. In December1929 Congress met in Lahore for what was to prove to be a historic occasion. This was headed by Motilal Nehru.
Meanwhile Nehru succeeded in getting a snap resolution passed at the session, declaring complete independence as the goal of the Congress. The protest was peaceful and violence was reported, but in an act of retaliation, James A. Sir John Simon Chairman of the commission 2. Regarded as a classic state document, the report proposed provincial in India but rejected parliamentary responsibility at the centre. While the report was still to be published, the British government tried to calm down people by saying that the opinion of Indians will be taken into account in any such future exercise and that the natural outcome of constitutional reforms will be dominion status for India. Hindi to be made the official language of India Gandhi proposed a resolution saying that the British should be given one year accept the recommendations of the Nehru Report or a campaign of non-co- operation should begin. First there would have to be a close and detailed enquiry into the financial consequences which would follow such a step.
Jinnah was for boycotting the commission; but Muhammad Shafi was for support for the Government. Jinnah was for boycotting the commission; but Muhammad Shafi was for support for the Government. So the British Government wanted the commission to review the constitutional arrangement and provide the recommendation for future implementation. The Simon Commission was strongly opposed by the Congress and other nationalist leaders and common people. This was considered to be a direct insult to the Indians. It consisted of Englishmen without a single Indian representative. It is interesting to note that Allama Iqbal did not call for Kashmir or Bengal to be included, even though they were both Muslim- majority areas.
The Congress was almost agenda less and no active programme was there except the Khadi. The call for boycott of the Commission was supported by the Hindu Mahasabha and the Muslim League. Continuation of Present Status of North West Frontier Province. The youth leagues and conferences got a real fillip. Peaceful demonstrators were beaten up by the police. It shielded the constitution rights of schedule castes. He has, therefore, been called the father of the ideology of Pakistan.
In Lucknow, they were beaten by the police. The important points of Simon commission are as follows. The personnel of the Commission and its terms of reference were announced in November 1927. The Lower House member of the Federal Assembly should be elected by the Provincial Councils. This twenty- four day march became a triumphal procession which was widely reported in the newspapers. Sindh shall be separated from Bombay. It suggested a Federal type of government at the centre with maximum autonomy of province.