They were now supposed to move 13,000 Cherokee in the bring of 1 839 a distance of eight-hundred miles. They were placed in holding camps so no one would escape. He passed the Indian Removal Policy nil 830. Finally, at Fort Sumner, you will find near the Pecos River and its alkaline waters the reconstructed foundations of walls of military installations, a museum of the Navajo Long Walk period, and with good timing a guided tour and living history demonstrations, reminders of a sorrowful period in the legacy of a people. Chaves was later accused of being frugal in dispensing his post's supplies to the 1,000 or more Navajos that had remained close to the fort and was maintaining remarkably lax discipline.
These words about robbery and murder applied to the actions of the whites rather than the accused Navajo. Tappan Indian Peace Commissioner , Navajos Chief , Armijo, Delgado, , Largo, Herrero, Chiquito, Muerte de Hombre, Hombro, Narbono, Narbono Segundo and Ganado Mucho. Eight thousand Navajo men, women and children were forced from their sacred homeland to march over 300 miles to Bosque Redondo, a barren reservation in New Mexico along the Texas border. The rations that were give out were unfamiliar to them and made them sick, and many died of the food. Jennifer Nez Denetdale, a Navajo historian, says in the documentary. During the eight-hundred mile trek many children and spouses were separated from their families.
Neither sympathy nor remorse were given to the Navajos. To accomplish their plan, the U. They had opened up schools in the Indian Territory to continue their education for their children. The brackish Pecos water caused severe intestinal problems in the tribe and disease ran rampant. At Fort Defiance they were given rations again which made many Navajos sick and killed some. Some cows were slaughtered, and the hides were used for shade and windbreaks. They forced my people to move on, saying that they were getting behind the others.
The government of the United Sates stripped them of their rights and forced them to stray away from their traditional culture. Locke in The Book of the Navajos. The Indian Removal Policy, which called for the removal of Native Americans from the Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, and the Georgia area. The Cherokee would find themselves in a nightmare for the next year. The Pecos River flooded and washed out the head gates of the irrigation system.
Today the Nation is the largest community in the United States. How are these words associated you might ask? Begay says many live in or frequently return to the place where their umbilical cords are buried. But their return was beset with further difficulties; the treaty's provision for Navajos to educate their children in Anglo boarding schools would shake their identity for generations. Sherman came to Fort Sumner. Some 53 different forced marches occurred between August 1864 and the end of 1866. From a site called Sheep Springs, on the Rio San Jose, the trail apparently forked, with a shortcut heading almost due east directly into Albuquerque, bypassing Los Pinos.
In 1838 General Winfield Scott got tired of delaying this longer than the 2 years he waited already so he took charge in collecting the Cherokee. All the branches followed the Pecos River drainage downstream into Fort Sumner. Navajos would be able to escape Carson's campaign but were soon forced to surrender due to starvation and the freezing temperature of the winter months. A majority of the Navajos were abiding by these requirements but it was a band of Navajo freelancing raiding parties that would break these rules, for which the entire tribe would soon be penalized. This amount is subject to change until you make payment. Many died along the way and during their four-year incarceration. It then veered from the Rio Grande, following a tributary into Santa Fe.
I directed an officer of my Company to move in advance of the prisoners with a Guard of fifteen men, and I also directed a rear Guard of Non commissioned Officer and fifteen men to be detailed daily. In August of 1 863 the first group of Navajo began their 400 mile journey. They called themselves the Dine, or the People. In the dead of winter, they made the 300-plus-mile trek to a desolate internment camp along the Pecos River in eastern New Mexico called the Bosque Redondo Reservation, where the military maintained an outpost, Fort Sumner. They would even go as far as to involve themselves in some of the colonial wars. The Cherokee suffered the largest loss when being compared to the Navajo.
There was a war involving the Cherokee and the Chickasaws before the Indian Removal Policy was passed. In 1868 the reservation was declared a national scandal and the Navajo were allowed to return to their homeland. The Yavapai, who were considered Apache in the 1860s, but have a different culture, after , were moved from to , both within Arizona, on February 27, 1875. Jennifer Nez Denetdale, a Navajo historian, says in the documentary. The women folks and the men folks carried most of the children, and when they got tired others would take turns. Thousands of other Navajos, despairing and impoverished, began to believe that confinement at Fort Sumner could not be worse than the awful siege they endured in their beloved Dinetah. I'm doing a project about this in my Social Studies class.