Books 10—11 Summary: Book 10 The Achaeans sail from the land of the Cyclopes to the home of Aeolus, ruler of the winds. She gives him food and clothes and offers to introduce him to her parents, the king and queen — but she asks that he enter the city at a distance from her, to ward off uncharitable gossip. Odysseus, still disguised as a beggar, returns to the palace where Penelope announces that she will marry whoever can string Odysseus' bow and shoot an arrow through twelve axes. It's an altogether earthly place where there are problems of survival after death as if death's problems weren't extensive enough! Book 7 On the trip to the palace to meet with the King and Queen of the Phaeacians, Odysseus encounters Athena, in disguise as a young girl. One of the Greeks placed Telemachus in the path of Odysseus, who swerved to miss the baby, revealing the farce.
There, during a feast, recounts his awe-inspiring story. The food that Odysseus begs is from his own herds, but the banqueters perceive Odysseus only as a beggar who has no right to eat because he is a stranger and because he does no work. The Sirens First, passes by the island of the who — as he is told by — enchant all who come near them through the luring sound of their song. They take Odysseus' food and insult him, as if they were the hosts and he were only some beggar intruding on their feast. He describes the time he spent with Circe and their love affair as well as the journey past the Sirens and their tempting call. The Odyssey: A Short Summary Odyssey battles internal and external conflict to take part in the Trojan War. He sends three men to scout the area, but, not one of them returns to the ships in due time.
When Telemachus feels discouraged, Athena lifts his spirits by describing his sure success. Many of the suitors tried but none could string the bow. Telemachus silences them though and demands that Odysseus be given the bow and a chance. He recounts his trip to the Land of the Lotus Eaters, his battle with Polyphemus the Cyclops, his love affair with the witch-goddess Circe, his temptation by the deadly Sirens, his journey into Hades to consult the prophet Tiresias, and his fight with the sea monster Scylla. And Odysseus is characterized in the same way.
She has been approached by frauds before. The dead man confronts his living survivors and successors. Most people figure he's dead. That is, suitors have no perception of the dead, no culture or spiritual insight. She informs Odysseus that he must approach the palace on his own so as not to draw attention to her bringing a man back with her to the city. Homer's poetic skill defies age and time by surpassing degree. The suitors bully and threaten Telemachus to frighten him into submission, but their words don't affect him.
When questioned about who he is or where he has been, he can't give straight answers. Agamemnon The story of Agamemnon, told in the Illiad is retold when Odysseus travels to the underworld and meets his spirit. He was trapped in Egypt for a time and was forced to capture Proteus, the Old Man of the Sea who then gave him the directions back to Sparta as well as revealing the fates of Agamemnon and Ajax. The next morning, Odysseus tied his men to the belly of the sheep and they escaped the cave. Penelope obeys him, surprised by his good sense and strong will.
The Ithacans, however, are fooled by the disguise, so the feat seems impossible or most improbable. Understandably cautious, asks to move her marriage-bed to another room. Eumaios does not recognize Odysseus, but he is hospitable because he believes that strangers and beggars come from Zeus, and that perhaps they may be gods. Known for his cunning intellect, Odysseus crafted the plan that destroyed the city of Troy and ended the Trojan War. Plausibility was important to the illusion, but cold facts were not. Then, after a quick pit stop back at Circe's island for more directions who says men don't ask for directions? He offers his vision of the future to Odysseus, that he will eventually return home to his wife and son.
Wary that she is being tricked, Penelope is not quite willing to believe that her husband has returned. Her new husband will be the one who is most like Odysseus, who can string Odysseus' bow and shoot an arrow through twelve handles, as Odysseus used to do. They claimed that their initiation programs were responsible for the wisdom of the wise men of Greece. Unfortunately we have few accounts of the ancient Hellenes' hero cults. Shortly after the Achaeans set sail from Thrinacia, Zeus kicks up another storm, which destroys the ship and sends the entire crew to its death beneath the waves. If they exist, where are they? These days, many present themselves as discoverers of new artifacts from the past and as developers of carefully reasoned theories about the past, not as story-tellers or direct presenters of the past.
Since Telemakhos is looking for the past, his quest must transform time into space, like Homer's shield of Achilles or the descent of Odysseus into the underworld to visit the dead. She knows from these details that it must truly be her husband and finally she rejoices. After they leave the island, Zeus does just that by throwing a storm toward them that immediately sinks the ship and kills every man aboard except Odysseus. He then sees Tantalus, agonized by hunger and thirst. Because she puts no faith in the dream of Odysseus' return, she is ready to decide which of the suitors to marry, and she proposes an extravagant test to determine the question. With the extra strength of Athena on his side, Odysseus is able to quickly dispatch the other man.
Not the dead as they are now, of course, but as they were, during life. Menelaos, shortly after the war, heard from the Old Man of the Sea that Odysseus was imprisoned against his will in the cave of the nymph. When Odysseus goes to rescue them, Hermes approaches him in the form of a young man. After their discussion, they have lunch. Penelope takes an interest in this strange beggar, suspecting that he might be her long-lost husband. The story begins twenty years after Odysseus left to fight in the Trojan War, and ten years after he began his journey home to Ithaca.
He describes Sisyphus pushing his boulder up the eternal hill and Tantalus, eternally punished with hunger and thirst, surrounded by water and tempted by grapes. Athena arrives once more while Telemachus is preparing to leave for Pylos and Sparta and gives him encouragement for the ensuing journey. As the social bonds of common history erode, we become more suitor-like, a group of contestants rather than a culture. The poem spotlights grammatical form led by verse structure to attribute rhythm through uniform pauses. After Eumaios leaves for town, Odysseus reveals himself to Telemakhos. The following day, the men cling to the bottom of the sheep and leave the cave when Polyphemus leads them out. Gilbert Highet explains that these qualities are shown by presenting Odysseus as a new and strangely different kind of hero.